Biotechnology definition

February 18, 2015
Slide 2

STATISTICAL DEFINITION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY (UPDATED IN 2005)

Defining biotechnology

It's highly advised that debt collectors provide review respondents with both the solitary definition of biotechnology while the list-based meaning. Its more advised that analytical agencies supply an “Other (please specify)” group when using the list-based definition groups as question products. This will enable respondents to report biotechnology techniques that fit the single but not the list-based definition and will thus help in upgrading the list-based meaning.

The single meaning

The provisional solitary concept of biotechnology is deliberately wide. It covers all contemporary biotechnology and numerous conventional or borderline activities. This is exactly why, the single meaning should always be followed closely by the list-based definition which operationalises this is for dimension purposes. The single meaning is:

The use of technology and technology to living organisms, including components, products and designs thereof, to improve living or non-living products the production of understanding, products or services.

The list‑based meaning

The ensuing list of biotechnology strategies features as an interpretative guide to the single definition. The list is indicative as opposed to exhaustive and is likely to change-over time as data collection and biotechnology tasks evolve.

The list‑based definition of biotechnology strategies:

DNA/RNA: Genomics, pharmacogenomics, gene probes, genetic manufacturing, DNA/RNA sequencing/synthesis/amplification, gene appearance profiling, and use of antisense technology.

Proteins as well as other molecules: Sequencing/synthesis/engineering of proteins and peptides (including large molecule bodily hormones); enhanced delivery methods for large molecule medicines; proteomics, necessary protein isolation and purification, signaling, recognition of mobile receptors.

Cell and muscle culture and manufacturing: Cell/tissue tradition, structure manufacturing (including tissue scaffolds and biomedical engineering), cellular fusion, vaccine/immune stimulants, embryo manipulation.

Process biotechnology techniques: Fermentation making use of bioreactors, bioprocessing, bioleaching, biopulping, biobleaching, biodesulphurisation, bioremediation, biofiltration and phytoremediation.

Gene and RNA vectors: Gene therapy, viral vectors.

Bioinformatics: building of databases on genomes, protein sequences; modelling complex biological processes, including methods biology.

Nanobiotechnology: relates the tools and processes of nano/microfabrication to construct products for learning biosystems and applications in medication delivery, diagnostics an such like.

Source: www.oecd.org
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