Biotechnology requires the use of residing systems, organisms, or parts of organisms to govern natural processes to develop items, methods, or conditions to benefit folks. These can be items, such as for example foods, pharmaceuticals, or compost; systems, eg waste administration or liquid purification; or conditions, such as hydroponics. Biotechnology comes with hereditary or biomedical manufacturing.
American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS)
The utilization of residing what to make products.
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British Biology Curriculum for GCSE students
Biotechnology describes the use of organisms and biological procedures to supply meals, chemical substances and solutions to generally meet the requirements of humans.
Meeting on Biological Diversity
Any technological application that makes use of biological systems, residing organisms, or derivatives thereof, to help make or change services and products or procedures for particular usage.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and developing (OECD) single definition
The application of research and technology to living organisms, plus components, services and products and models thereof, to change lifestyle or non-living products for the production of knowledge, products or services.
OECD list-based meaning
The following list of biotechnology strategies features as an interpretative guide to the single definition (above):
- DNA/RNA: Genomics, pharmacogenomics, gene probes, hereditary engineering, DNA/RNA sequencing/synthesis/amplification, gene phrase profiling, and employ of antisense technology.
- Proteins and other particles: Sequencing/synthesis/engineering of proteins and peptides (including large molecule hormones); improved delivery methods for huge molecule medicines; proteomics, necessary protein separation and purification, signalling, recognition of cellular receptors.
- Cell and tissue tradition and manufacturing: Cell/tissue tradition, structure engineering (including muscle scaffolds and biomedical engineering), cellular fusion, vaccine/immune stimulants, embryo manipulation.
- Process biotechnology practices: Fermentation making use of bioreactors, bioprocessing, bioleaching, biopulping, biobleaching, biodesulphurisation, bioremediation, biofiltration and phytoremediation.
- Gene and RNA vectors: Gene therapy, viral vectors.
- Bioinformatics: Construction of databases on genomes, necessary protein sequences; modelling complex biological processes, including systems biology.
- Nanobiotechnology: Applies the equipment and processes of nano/microfabrication to create devices for studying biosystems and programs in medication delivery, diagnostics an such like.