Medical Biotechnology definition

May 25, 2017
Some great examples when

The analysis and remedy for real human infection have undergone radical changes considering that the seminal discoveries of molecular biology, magnetic resonance imaging, size spectrometry, and vaccine development, to mention but a few. Glick and colleagues took on the ambitious task of creating a textbook for allied health professional students covering these topics. The authors tend to be quick to point out that this “not a medical textbook per se” but rather an attempt to generate a “biomedical roadmap.”

The authors assemble this “roadmap” by cleverly dividing it into 3 areas: “The Biology Behind technology” (chapters 1–5), “Production of Therapeutic Agents” (chapters 6–7), and “Diagnosing and healing Human Disease” (chapters 8–12). Many striking function for this work is the elegant, informative, and complementary using numbers, photos, tables, and “boxes” that often feature landmark systematic discoveries and directly mention the first book. This enables the eager pupil to locate and explore in depth the first conclusions. After each section, a set of review questions tests your reader's comprehension. The breadth of coverage is impressive, despite the narrower meaning supplied that “medical biotechnology could be the application of molecular technologies to identify and treat individual diseases” at the end of part 1.

Section 1 describes fundamental aspects of nucleic acid manipulation, including cloning into plasmids. Numbers tend to be plentiful and mesh using the text nicely. An especially of good use, albeit quick, information on high-throughput next-generation sequencing methods can be seen right here. Chapter 2 addresses the essential concepts of immunology, like the part played by antibodies and various resistant effector cells. The part finishes with applications of antibodies in formats including the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Chapter 3 addresses the “Genetic Basis of Disease, ” beginning with the accomplishments of Human Genome Project and taking place to describe even more traditional entities like fluorescence in situ hybridization and chromosomal rearrangements. Even more in are explanations associated with the mode of inheritance and popular instances such as for instance cystic fibrosis, Tay-Sachs disease, and Huntington disease. Chapters 4 and 5 describe both resistant and microbial pathogeneses. The former delves into components of autoimmune illness, resistant surveillance in tumorigenesis, and allergy. Immunodeficiencies including the pathogenesis of real human immunodeficiency virus tend to be discussed in section 4. From a medical microbiologist's perspective, chapter 5 garners the absolute most interest, with important ideas such host cell adherence, biofilm formation, and quorum sensing featuring prominently. Further information is presented on treatment of microbial infection with β-lactam antibiotics, which complements early in the day descriptions in chapter 1 on evaluating for weight using molecular biology methods such as for example polymerase chain effect and DNA sequencing of plasmids harboring β-lactamases (eg, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases).

Source: cid.oxfordjournals.org
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